Solved by New Physics:                     List of  Problems in Physics

New Physics/ SURe eliminates all mysteries,  inconsistencies and open questions of Physics.

Problems of Plasma Physics

In this chapter first the unsolved  problem of physics is listed (copied from Wikipedia) 

followed by the solution of New Physics/ SURe.  

 

Plasma physics[edit]

  • Plasma physics and fusion power: Fusion energy may potentially provide power from abundant resource (e.g. hydrogen) without the type of radioactive waste that fission energy currently produces. However, can ionized gases (plasma) be confined long enough and at a high enough temperature to create fusion power? What is the physical origin of H-mode?[74]

Plasma physics by New Physics:

There are no specific physical rules for "plasma". New Physics avoids the term plasma as there are no relevant differences to usual matter. The best definition of plasma might be: a system of  particles with high level of average kinetic energy. High level of average energy does not correlate to temperature.Temperature is a biological property as it is experienced by living beings. It can exclusively describe physical  systems of particles within a specific range of kinetic energy. Temperature of a physical systen is proportional to the concentration of emitted IR-neutrinos. Other neutrinos can react to IR-neutrinos, but are not directly relevant for temperature.  

Fusion power by New Physics:

A characteristics of plasma is that due to the high energies of particles these can't do stable bonding reactions, which means high temperatures prevent nuclear fusion. Another reality is that  fusion reactions do not generate usable energy (=kinetic energy) but consume usable energy. But mostly there is an energy generating decay reaction before the energy consuming fusion reaction.It is a scientific principle that bonding reactions like fusion consume usable energy by transferring kinetic energy to bonding energy, whereas all decay reactions generate usable energy by transferring bonding energy to kinetic energy. The energy generating reactions in stars are decay reactions: Decay of hydrogen to proton, electron and neutrinos and decay of protons to neutrons and neutrinos. Energy consuming reaction is the nuclear fusion of neutrons to neutronium. No atoms or nuclei are generated in stars. Temperatures in center of stars are relative cold because of energy consumption of fusion reaction.

H-mode by New Physics 

It makes no sense to generate plasma and hold plasma stable by magnetic fields (high confinement mode). Generation of magnetic fields (bound neutrinos) consume high amounts of kinetic energy. In order to copy the energy generation process of stars you have to  start with hydrogen or other atoms/molecules and initiate decay reactions.

 

 

  • Solar cycle: How does the Sun generate its periodically reversing large-scale magnetic field? How do other solar-like stars generate their magnetic fields, and what are the similarities and differences between stellar activity cycles and that of the Sun?[75] What caused the Maunder Minimum and other grand minima, and how does the solar cycle recover from a minima state?

Solar cycle by New Physics

Magnetic fields of all celestial bodies are generated by rotation velocity of surface. Stars like sun hace a rather fluid surface consistence, which causes that the velocity of rotation depends on distance to  poles.By this the generated magnetic fields are rather instable. During periods of strong solar spots (emissions of magnetic fields) these interfere with the "normal" magnetic field of sun and destroys this before it is rearranged again.The orientation of new generated magnetic field is arbitrary. 

Maunder minimum (prolonged sun spot minumum) by New Physics

Sun spots refer to eruptions of huge magnetic Magnetic fields are chain structures of bound neutrinos. These are reaction products of atomic decays (decay of hydrogen) as magnetic fields bind atomic electrons to atomic nuclei. After release in center of sun they tracel to surface and can agglomerate to small or huge bubbles of magnetic fields. The small bubbles can be observed as "grain" on the surface of sun, the huge bubbles are the sun spots. Agglomeration to huge bubbles is hindered by convection flows in sun which are due to the different rotation velocities of the fluid matter of sun. The dispersion of rotation velocities vary periodically every 11 years which explains the cyclus of sun spots. The final question is why there were time periods where convection streams were permanently strong enough to hinder agglomeration of magnetic bubbles.There might also be other reasons which hindered the agglomeration. Most probable explanation is that there was an increased concentration of cosmic rays at that time period which hindered formation of large agglomerates. It is well known thar cosmic rays interact with magnetic fields.  

 

 

Coronal heating  by New Physics:

Whereas low energetic neutrinos (heat and magnetic fields) are generated in core of stars, high energetic radiation from visible to gamma-rays are generated in the atmosphere of stars. These energies are generated by collisions of emitted magnetic fields to hygrogen followed by decay of hydrogen. High temperatures are biased observations as high energetic radiation has no relevant effects on temperature. 

 

 

  • The injection problem: Fermi acceleration is thought to be the primary mechanism that accelerates astrophysical particles to high energy. However, it is unclear what mechanism causes those particles to initially have energies high enough for Fermi acceleration to work on them.[76]

Injection problem by New Physics:

All accelerations in universe are caused by CBD-mechanism, which means by collisions, bondings and finally decay reactions. The hypotheses of Fermi acceleration has no scientific basis. Decay reactions occur by supernovae (decay of neutronium to atomic matter), collisions of celestial bodies (decay of neutrinium to neutrinos for neutrino stars and decay of atomic matter to neutrinos and electrons of other stars.  

 

 

Solar wind interactions by New Physics:

Visible radiation is mostly  a reaction product of atomic decays. Source of atoms is the comet, which emits atomic matter by collisions to omnipresent neutrinos.  The solar wind provides the required collision energy for decay reactions.

 

 

 

  • Alfvénic turbulence: In the solar wind and the turbulence in solar flares, coronal mass ejections, and magnetospheric substorms are major unsolved problems in space plasma physics.

Turbulence  in solar flares by New Physics:

Turbulences in magnetic fields are mainly generated by collisions to other magnetic fields and to cosmic particles. Magnetic fieds can decay or combine. Collisions of end particles of magnetic fields like protons leads  to decay of protons and the generation of lots of subatomic particles with high energy which contribute to turbulences.