First scientific Explanation of Gravity

Updated December 9, 2023

Content

G1 Physical Basis 

G1.1. Physics must be physically possible 

G1.2. Scientific Universal Reality (=SURe- New Physics = Weltformel) 

G1.3. The Weltformel of SURe- New Physics is guaranteed reality

G1.4. The four physically possible universal Interactions 

 

G.2 Explanation of Gravitational Force 

G2.1. Basics of gravitational Force 

G2.2. The Story of Gravitation is the Story of Physics 

G2.3. Explanation of Gravity by first fundamental Law of Nature 

G2.4. Explanation of Gravitation by Collisions 

G2.5. Why is there a Density Gradient of Photons around celestial Bodies? 

G2.6. The Dependency of gravitational Force 

G2.7. Exclusively celestial Bodies can exert gravitational Forces 

G2.8. Which Photons are relevant for gravitation? 

G2.10. Besides Gravitation: First Scientific Definition of Heat and Heat Generation 

G2.11. Why do all objects have the same velocity by gravitation ? 

 

G3 Verifikations 

G3.1. Basics of Observations 

G3.2. The Falsification of Photons being electromagnetic Waves 

G3.3 The Search for omnipresent Matter (Aether) 

G3.4 Latest Measurements of Omnipresent Photons 

G3.5 Measurement of Density Gradient of Omnipresent Photons 

G3.6. First scientific Explanation of gravitational Lense Effect 

 

G4. Falsifications of Theory of Gravitation 

G4.1. Orbital Velocities in spiral Galaxies 

G4.2. Even stronger Antiscience: The Gravitation around a Black Hole 

G4.3. How do Black Holes generate Gravitation? 

G4.4. Why is around the black hole no Gravity 

 G1 Physical Basis

 

G1.1. Physics must be physically possible

 

The basic law of physics is that all statements of physics must be physically possible.

In current physics most theories are physically impossible. This is also the case for the two theories of gravitation. It is already a physically impossible contradiction that both theories are completely different. The mostly used theory is the statement that gravitation is caused by attraction of mass. This statement is physical impossible because attractive and also repulsive forces which work without direct contact of matter are physically impossible. The second theory is based on the statement of Albert Einstein that time and local dimensions are variable. This is absurd as there would not be any physical rule or formula which works with time or length, thus most of physics would be obsolete.

Physically possible are exclusively interactions which transfer energies from one particle directly to another particle. So the most important requirement for a physically possible interaction is a collision of at least two particles. Particles includes also objects. All objects in universe consists of particles.

 

 

 

G1.2. Scientific Universal Reality (=SURe- New Physics= Weltformel)

Scientific Universal Reality (=SURe- New Physics) describes and explains all interactions by one generally accepted axiom and two generally accepted natural laws.

 

0. The axiom is that matter and energy was generated out of nothing (ground state).

The only possibility for this is by generation of pairs of contrary rotating spin energies. So matter consists of spin energies, which are called electrons. Electrons are the only fundamental particles. This has been verified by lots of experiments. The most important one is that all matter can be split to electrons as smallest particles.

 

1. The first fundamental law of nature:

The only force in universe is that matter and energy intents to achieve the ground state by complete overlapping of contrary rotating spin energies which results to nothing.

In nature (=without mankind) it is just physical possible to achieve minimal spin energy by partly overlapping. Partly overlapped particles are called bound particles. There are no other bondings in universe.

 

2. The second fundamental law of nature:

During all interactions in universe the total energy stays permanently constant. (total energy = sum of spin energies plus sum of vibration energies of bonded spin energies).

 

 

 

G1.3. The guarranteed Reality of Weltformel of SURe - New Physics

 

 SURe New Physics uses not any theory, hypothesis, interpretion or other assumptions to describe or explain the universe. All statements are based on two natural laws, which have been derived from clear observations. Only reality is observable.

 

In order to do real physics you have to define reality. Reality has to be concrete, physical, clearly describable, logical, detailed explainable, consistent, irrefutable.

 

 

G1.4. The four physically possible universal Interactions

 

 

All interactions have to be activated by a collision. Physically possible are exclusively four interactions in universe.

 

1. Penetration

As matter is equivalent to spin energies and spin energies are equivalent to electrons, the first interaction after collision of objects is penetration, which means the overlapping of spin energies. All objects including particles in universe consists of bound electrons. Complete penetration of objects occur, when the penetration (overlapping movement) is not stopped within a stable overlapping position of minimal spin energy like for bonding. Penetration is always accompanied by the force to achieve lowest spin energy of overlapping bodies. This includes that changes of movement directions (= deflections) occur to achieve this aim. As the deflections of penetrated and penetrating objects are always to opposite directions the total energy for deflections like for all interactions stays stable. For single objects this is not the case. Also the total energies remain stable, whereas specific energies might be different.

 

2. Bonding of electrons.

Bonding is the penetration of electrons up to a stable overlapping position, where there is on average a minimum spin energy. During penetration the movement direction changes to achieve minimal spin energy

By a bonding collision energy of particles (= kinetic energy) plus reduced spin energy by overlapping is transferred to vibration energy of bonding. All bonding energies of the bonded object are averaged over all bondings including the direction of vibration. 

All bound electrons can do further bondings, because each electron has three bonding options, which are in a plane with equal angles (=60 degrees).

 

3. Split of bonded electrons.

When the vibration energy of a bonding goes over the overlapping position, the bonding is split.

By a split the vibration energy of the bonding plus the collision energy is transferred to kinetic energy of the split parts of object. Kinetic energy is a relative energy, which is the only usable energy for “energy generation”.

 

4. Reflection of objects.

The direct split occurs, when the overlapping of electrons leads to an increased spin energy, by which the overlapping movement turns to a contrary movement so that the object is directly emitted again.

 

 

G.2 Explanation of Gravitational Force

 

G2.1.Basics of gravitational Force

 

All definitions of physical phenomenons have to be conform to fundamental laws of nature

 

First scientific definition of a force:

A force is the potential of an object to transfer kinetic energy to another object.

 

First scientific definition of gravitational force:

Gravitational force is the potential of omnipresent photons to transfer kinetic energy to an object.

 

 

 

 G2.2. The Story of Gravitation is the Story of Physics

 

Before 1900 physics was done by physicists. For them it was clear that for accelerations in vacuum like gravity there has to be matter in vacuum, which transfers energy to the accelerated objects. This matter was called ether. Since 1900 physicists converted to magicians. Till then the most phenomenons were not explained by physics but by magics.

Now in SURe – New Physics the omnipresent matter has been fully described and explained. By this nothing in universe is explained any more by spooky actions over distance. All interactions occur by collisions and direct transfers of energies. Thus magics turns to physics again.

 

 

G2.3. Explanation of Gravity by first fundamental Law of Nature

 

Omnipresent photons fill the complete space in universe, including the “free space” between atoms. Because of the extreme high stability of photons, far over 99 % of all particles in universe are photons and their adducts.

The density of omnipresent photons reduce by distance to celestial bodies (explained later). According to the most important fundamental law of nature there is one fundamental force which cause all other forces:

Colliding (or touching) objects are forced to accelerate to the position, where these have lowest spin energies.

Because of the extreme high number of omnipresent photons, single interactions to a body play no roll in the case of gravity. So for gravitation only the common force plays a roll, which is the movement to lowest spin energies. This movement includes that the omnipresent photons first rearrange so the optimal overlapping can be done. Only for large units of bonded photons which are arranged in a way that overlapping will not reduce spin energy the rearrangement will not be possible. This is a fact which prevents black holes to generate gravity in the near surrounding (explained later).

Overall this leads to the fact with just the exception above, that bodies move to the position of highest density of omnipresent photons, which generally is the center of celestial bodies.

  

 

G2.4. Explanation of Gravitation by Collisions

 

Most accelerations are done by "collisions, bondings and decays. So this mechanism has also been proposed by New Physics for a long time for gravitation. For this mechanism two requirements have to be fulfilled, which are physically explainable but have a lower probability than the explanation above.

The first requirement is, that gravitation is caused by unbound photons. This might be physically possible as accelleration is done when there is a decay reaction and not when there is a collision or bonding. Adducts of photons do multiple bondings which will not be split at the same time. Thus the second or third bonding will prevent decays and thus acceleration. Only the decays of separate single photons cause acceleration of gravitation. Another requirement is that there has to be a density gradient of unbound omnipresent photons, which is contrary to the density gradient of total omnipresent photons including adducts. This is very likely as when the density of total omnipresent photons decreases, the equilibrium goes strongly to the side of unbound photons so that the number of unbound omnipresent photons increases.

So overall there are two possibilities to explain gravity. Both are conform to universal laws of nature. In this case the final decision was to use the simplest explanation which is direct force to achieve lowest spin energies. (G2.3)

 

 

 

G2.5. Why is there a Density Gradient of Photons around celestial Bodies?

 

This is again an effect of first fundamental natural law. Most celestial bodies consist of atomic material. Atoms consist of atomic nuclei. All atomic nuclei have structures at which omnipresent photons do double bondings so that extremely long chains of photons are generated. These photon chains are also used to bind atoms to molecules. Physicists already got the knowledge that former theories that there are free moving electrons around atomic nuclei are physically not possible. But they haven’t found yet the reality of photon chains. The theory of electrons came up, because by a split off of a photon chain there is at the same time a split off of an electron. One photon chain can consists of up to 100.000 photons. This explains the huge space between two bound atomic nuclei and this explains the strong potential to emit photons.

In nearly all celestial bodies nuclear bondings occur, by which the photon chains are split off. This explains that photons are generated in celestial bodies, which are emitted from surface and thus cause the density gradients of photons around celestial bodies, which is the basis for gravitation.

 

 

G2.6. The Dependency of gravitational Force

 

 For generation of a density gradient of photons around a celestial body there has to be a permanent emission of low energetic photons out of the surface of a celestial body. This is the case for most celestial bodies.

For explanation by G2.3. gravitational force depends on the density gradient of omnipresent photons including adducts. The change of the density gradient around a celestial body by distance to surface can be explained by the increase of spherical surface, which occur by distance to surface.

This is also nearly the case for the sun system. In a spiral galaxy, however, the gradient is very different. In outer spheres the emitted photons will gather in the plane of galaxy. Thus the density does not reduce by spherical surface but by circumference. This explains why the orbital velocities stay nearly constant So the formula for gravitation is not generally valid.

 Thus gravitational force depends on the gradient of density of omnipresent photons. If there is no relevant density gradient there is no gravitational force, which means all small objects are weightless. For big celestial bodies the

density gradient might be extremely small in order to cause a relevant gravitational effect.

 

 

 

G2.7. Exclusively celestial Bodies can exert gravitational Forces

 

As exclusively celestial bodies can emit excess numbers of photons only celestial bodies exert gravitational force, whereas this is not possible for other bodies. Similar forces, which are observed for small bodies are caused by magnetic forces, which means by generation of chains of photons between bodies.

This means that the so called “gravitational collapse” of a high number of bodies is physically impossible. Current theory of generation of stars is no reality. Celestial bodies are generated by crystallization by freezing of particles, which means the usual bonding effect by fundamental natural law of the force to reduce spin energies.

The gravitational force of a celestial body like a planet ends after a specific distance to surface. Beyond this distance the gravitational force is determined exclusively by the celestial body with the higher emission rate, which is the sun or the black hole. This means that it is mostly not the case that planets have a gravitational influence on other planets. Contrary to former statement, a double star systems which means two stars which do orbital movements around a common center are physically possible, although there is no mass center, but there is a gravity center, between the stars.

 

 

G2.8. Which Photons are relevant for gravitation?

 

It is well known that stars emit lots of photons. But for gravitation the radiated photons are not relevant. Only low energetic omnipresent photons, which are photons which do movements in arbitrary directions generate gravitation. Currently there are lots of physically impossible theories for the generation of photons.

The reality is that high energetic photons are generated by decays of chains of photons in the atmosphere of sun. These play no role for gravitation. But there are many more low energetic photons, which are generated in center of the sun by decay of chains of photons. These drift to the surface of sun, and are emitted there and by this increase the density of omnipresent photons.

 

 

G2.9. Why is there Heat in Center of the Earth and not in the Center of the Sun

 

The chains of photons are reaction products of nuclear fusions.

Nuclear fusions do not only occur in stars but also in planets. In stony planets with heavy atoms the generated photon chains by nuclear fusion decay to single infrared photons already in the center of the earth by collisions to heavy atomic nuclei. This does not occur by the small protons in a sun.

Current theory is that heat in earth is generated by radioactive decays of atoms. But it is well known that radioactive decays do not generate any heat. Despite of this physicists use this unreal theory for explanation for heat generation of earth. Scientific claims which are contrary to observations are per definition antiscience.

 

 

G2.10. Besides Gravitation: First Scientific Definition of Heat and Heat Generation

 

Heat is equivalent to average kinetic energies of omnipresent photons. Heat is measured by temperature.

 

Heat is generated by decays of infrared photons from other particles. There is no other generation of heat in the universe. All strong generations of heat occur, when chains of photons decay to infrared photons.

 

 

G2.11. Why do all objects have the same velocity by gravitation ?

 

For acceleration of an object all vibration energies of the object have to be increased. This is the explanation for the fact that acceleration is proportional to the number of bondings of an object, which represents the mass of an object.   Overall this leads to the first scientific explanation that gravitation is proportional to mass. As acceleration of an object is reverse proportional to its mass this results to the first scientific explanation that every object needs the same time to be accelerated by gravitational force to the ground independently from mass and shape. As there are no other scientific explanation than by fundamental laws, this verifies the fundamental laws of Scientific Universal Reality (SURe New Physics).

 

G3 Verifikations

 

G3.1. Basics of Observations

 

Particles or bodies cannot be observed. All observations are due to interactions of particles or bodies. All observable interactions are transfers of energies. All physical statements must be conform to observations. Clear observations are equivalent to reality. Reality is the contrary to theories. The tasks of Physics is to distinguish between Physical reality and unrealistic theories.

 

 

G3.2. The Falsification of Photons being electromagnetic Waves

 

All real waves in universe consist of matter (water waves or sonic waves). Everything of real waves can be well observed and explained: their generation, their energies, their movements, their energy losses, their elimination, their interference. For electromagnetic waves all these things are not observed. Energies of real waves are expressed by amplitudes of waves, high frequencies of real waves mostly show low energies. Rotation Frequencies are no wave movements. Interference never occurred for electromagnetic waves. This is not possible because there are two perpendicular waves. Interference of photons do not show increased and decreased energies, but same energy at pattern and beside pattern.

A bad kind of a joke is the interferometer by Michelson and Morley. Every scientist who has only little knowledge of technics and physics, should have noticed that the adjustment by a mirror is not capable to adjust the overlay of frequencies. One look to the „interferometer“ makes clear that the reflection angle of one beam is adjusted, so that both beams are brought to overlay.

 

 

 

G3.3 The Search for omnipresent Matter (Aether)

 

It was a correct conclusion that an Aether should be detected by its movement and shoud also have an influence to the speed of light. So Michelson and Morley did the correct measurements although they didn’t know that they measured the influence of aether movement on the angle of reflection of light. Unfortunately they didn’t do enough mesurements so they didn’t find out that there is a significant aether drift. This has been verified later by Dayton C. Miller, who used the Michelson-Morley interferometer for doing 200.000 measurements and by this got the required accuracy. So real experimental research could cearly refute the Null-results of Michelson and Morley.

Disgraceful was the reaction of Albert Einstein who ordered his colleague Shankland to declare the extremely careful measurements of Dayton Miller without any indication as faulty. He waited for this until Miller was death, so Miller could not defend himself any more.

The measurements of Dayton Miller could be verified by Ernest Esclangon around 1930. who measured directly the angle of reflection without interferometer. He achieved such a high accuracy that he even detected a peak each sideral day, when earth surface faces directly the movement through galaxy, which is a clear indication for correct measurements.

Extreme shamefully are the fake aether drift measurements by frequencies of resonators, which resultet in a Null aether drift by a circular fallacy.

 

 

G3.4 Latest Measurements of Omnipresent Photons

 

 

Omnipresent photons are involved in nearly all physical phenomenons, so there will be a separate chapter. Here is just an overview of most important facts.

The simplest measurements of omnipresent photons have been done by Horn antennas. Instead of omnipresent photons the particles were called cosmic microwave background (CMB). The measuements were misused to explain radiation from early universe. This is of course nonsence. Omnipresent photons have been generated already few days after generation of electrons. Stars and their radiation were generated much later. Since generation of stars there was radiation. As the CMB measurements have been done on earth and from satellite, in both cases the different winds of ether could be measured: on earth the movement shows the rotation speed of earth, by satellite the movement through galaxy could be measured. So the measurements of Miller and Esclangon could be verified. (chapter G3.3).

 

 

G3.5 Measurement of Density Gradient of Omnipresent Photons

 

The run time of atomic clocks are influenfed by collisions to omnipresent photons. So the run times show as well the „ether wind“ as the density of omnipresent photons. As besides this atomic clocks are quite stable, these can measure each little decrease in density by increase of height above N.N.

It is unbeleavable that physicists think that the time runs differently when a clock goes wrong.

The run time changes of atomic clocks can be well explained. But I have to confess that it took more than 10 years until I have found the explanation for this.

 

The density of omnipresent photons can also be observed by the fact, that a decreasing density of photons increases the propagation speeds of photons (speed of light).

 

 

 

G3.6. First scientific Explanation of gravitational Lense Effect

 

Another fact is that photons do also bondings to each other. Bondings have the highest stability, when the vibration is in the direction of the bonding. Therefore bondings, which are linear are strongly preferred in a particle. Therefore at high densities of photons long photon chains are generated. At low temperatures also plane honeycomb -shaped structures are very stable. Chain structures and planar honeycomb structures have the characteristics to deflect particles including radiated photons. Especially between high density and low density there is a huge layer of parallel photon chains. These cause deflections like for chains of glass molecules on the surface of glass bodies. Thus there are deflections around celestial bodies which are equivalent to deflections of glass bodies.

Thus chains of photons are observed as the so called gravitational lens effect.

 

 

G4. Falsifications of Theory of Gravitation

 

A theory is exclusively reality, when it is conform to all observations. Below lots of observations are presented , which are not conform to current theory of gravitation

 

G.4.1. Orbital Velocities in spiral Galaxies

 

The observed dependency of orbital velocities of celestial bodies versus the distance to the black hole is not conform to theory of gravitation. In outer regions these are nearly constant (see picture), while by theory of gravitation these should reduce with distance. This is for example the finding of orbital velocities of planets in our sun system. So this means that the inner mass of a spiral galaxy is not big enough to explain the high velocities. Instead of doing research to replace the obsolete theory of gravitation, physicists invented the theory of dark matter, which should be equivalent to the missing mass. Physicists soon recognized that this theory created many other inconsistencies. Even by additional mass it could not be explained that for all stars the additional mass exactly fits to achieve a constant orbital speed. Despite dark matter could not explain the observations dark matter still was used, which is not understandable.

In SURe- New Physics there is a logical explanation for the observation of nearly constant orbital movements in spiral galaxies. Instead of mass the concentration gradient of omnipresent photons determines gravitation. The concentration gradient around earth or other planets reduces the same way the spherical surface reduces. But in spiral galaxies the concentration gradient reduces by sphere circumference. This is the case because the omnipresent photons are concentrated in the galactic plane. Overall this leads to nearly stable velocities.

 

 

Diagram from Wikipedia "List of unsolved problems of Physics" 

 

B = observed = measured orbital velocities in spiral galaxy

A= predicted orbital velocuties in spiral galaxies by theory of gravitation

 

Remark: measured orbital velocities quickly reduce when approaching the black hole in the cross of diagram (left).

Rotation curve of a typical spiral galaxy: predicted (A) and observed (B)

 

 

G4.2. Even stronger Antiscience: The Gravitation around a Black Hole

 

By measurement of orbital velocities in spiral galaxies physicist found that gravitation strongly reduces by decreasing distance to black hole. Despite this observation a theory was created that the gravitation strongly increases by decreasing distance. (see picture below). Why do physicists convert a natural science to antiscience? Also all other observations show that the theory of high gravity around a black hole is antiscience. Physicists know that supermassive back holes have an extremely important function, because these have to generate stable gravitation. Because of this function a black hole has to be thoroughly sheltered from any interactions like collisions to other stars. This shelter is achieved by the fact that there is no gravitation around a black hole. This fact is clearly seen by the galactic bulge. The galactic bulge is a region surrounding the black hole relatively far away from the black hole, in which there is a very high density of star systems. The only scientific explanation for this is that gravitation starts in this region, this means all stars which have a low velocity can do only in this region stable orbital movements. At the same time the galactic bulge stops most colliding stars from outer spheres of the galaxy.

 

 

G4.3. How do Black Holes generate Gravitation?

 

Black holes are the simplest of all stars.

Only few days after generation of matter (electrons), these reacted to omnipresent photons.

Some low energetic photons bind to adducts. By binding the kinetic energies reduced, which caused that additional photons bind and so on. This is the typical effect of freezing. So black holes are frozen photons. The structure of all matter is known in SURe-New Physics. This includes frozen photons (see picture).

This explains why supermassive black holes rapidly grow.

But finally a black hole will be at an equilibrium between freezing an evaporation of photons. Most new freezing occurs by radiated photons which arrive from the stars in the galactic bulge. By the relative high radiation energies the photons penetrate outer regions of black hole until these lost so much energy that these are incorporated (absorbed) in photon structure. Other low energetic photons from the surface are evaporated. the energies of the photons are used for evaporation.

 

 

G4.4 Why is around the black hole no Gravity

 

For gravity there has to be a density gradient of omnipresent photons. It can be assumed that around a black hole there is an area of saturated density of omnipresent photons. It is definitly the case that gravitation starts first in the galactic bulge area. Gravitation is required so that orbital movements of stars can occur.

In addition it has to be taken into account that the units of bound photons are still very large in the area near a black hole. This causes that these cannot be aligned easily to overlapping positions. It is known from other solids like iron that the magnetic alignment needs some support by already aligned structures.

 

By this it is even likely that in the region between black hole and galactic bulge the gravity is negative, which means that there is antigravity. This would be an even stronger and highly necasssary shelter of the black hole from collisions as this might cause gravity variation all over the galaxy. 

 

ADDITIONAL CHAPTERS WILL BE ADDED LATER.