Solved Problems in Physics

New Physics/ SURe eliminates all mysteries,  inconsistencies and open questions of Physics.

Problems of Condensed Matter Physics

In this chapter first the unsolved  problem of physics is listed (copied from Wikipedia) 

followed by the solution of New Physics/ SURe. 

 

A sample of a cuprate superconductor (specifically BSCCO). The mechanism for superconductivity of these materials is unknown.

Superconductors by New Physics

Superconductors refer to matter, which build channels, in which electrons can freely move (move without collisions to ordinary matter). This means a requirement of superconductors is that These mainly bind to planar structures and not to 3-dimensional structures.  So it is no effect of temperature but an effect of structure. But usually all matter which is solid at temperatures above 25K has bondings in 3 dimensions. 

 

 

  • Amorphous solids: What is the nature of the glass transition between a fluid or regular solid and a glassy phase? What are the physical processes giving rise to the general properties of glasses and the glass transition?[63][64]

Glas Transition by New Physics

The nature of a glassy phase is well understood in physics. A transition of a fluid to glas occurs when the additional bondings between particles by condensation leads to rigid structures although there is no "side by side order" (cristallinity) of the molecules or atoms. Cristallinity is a main factor for reflection and absorption of visible light, which explains the characteristics of glassy states. This means freezing can lead to solidification without crystallization or with crystallification.   

 

 

 

Cryogenic electron emission  by New Physics

Most probable explanation of increasing emission of electrons by decreasing temperature is that very low temperatures cause increase of the rate of reaction of electrons with neutrinos to  charged pions. Charged pions can be released from cathode before these decay again to electrons and neutrinos.

 

 

 

  • Sonoluminescence: What causes the emission of short bursts of light from imploding bubbles in a liquid when excited by sound?[67][68]
Sonoluminescence by New Physics

Most probable scientific explanation of sonoluminescence is that the kinetic energy  of the imploding atomic particles by ultrasonic waves  exceed the activation energy of atomic decays. All atomic decays are reactions with radiation /emitted neutrinos) as reaction product. The current practice, that kinetic energy of particles are described by temperature, is unscientific, as temperature is a complete different property.

 

 

 

Turbulences by New Physics

All movements of particles are straight as long as there are no collisions of particles. All collisions of particles result to a well determined results based on CBD- mechanism and energetic data. A movement of a medium is mainly impacted by matter which does not flow or has a different velocity. Collisions to this matter has various outcomes depending on exact position of collision.  In some cases the velocity of the flowing particle is strongly reduced or strongly deflected  and in some cases not. By further collisions the deflection or the deceleration is enhanced or smoothed. If there are multiple enhancing processes here is a low  probability  that the process gets back to normal flow, which means turbulences are generated.

 

 

 

Topological order and quantum hall effect by New Physics

These issues refer to quantum theories and by this not to something which describes the universe (reality). 

 

Liquid crystals by New Physics

Liquid crystals are stable phases, which are between solids and fluids, mainly solid structures in a liquid medium. The different structures and properties are well described by physics. Transitions of one phase to another depends on energetic constellation. If by collisions of crystallized nematic structures  smectic bondings are buildt then nematic structures will be replaced over time  by the more stable smectic bondings. This means there might be cases where nematic structures are so stable that smectic bondings are not generated. So the phase transition from nematic to smectic (A) phase is no universal phase transition. 

 

 

 

 Optical Absorption transitions of quantum dots by New Physics

All existing particles are well known and well characterized by New Physics. This is also valid for so called  "quantum dots", which are small separate structures  of atomic matter. So these do the general interactions of atoms with Photons like absorption or photoelectric effect.  The postulated mechanism of absorption is no physical reality. Every particle in universe is a specific energetic state. Particles can't occupy different energetic states and thus can't do transitions to other states of energy. Absorption and emissions of electrons or neutrinos are typical reactions of two colliding particles by the unique CBD-mechanism (collision-bonding-decay-mechanism). By  optical absorption  the colliding neutrino is bound (=absorbed) followed by decay of the transition state in form of  emission of a neutrino with mostly less energy.  

 

 

 

  • Metal whiskering: In electrical devices, some metallic surfaces may spontaneously grow fine metallic whiskers, which can lead to equipment failures. While compressive mechanical stress is known to encourage whisker formation, the growth mechanism has yet to be determined.

Metal whiskering by New Physics

Nearly all surfaces of matter have whiskers, as nearly all matter has  bonding options at the surface.  These bonding options are normally used by neutrinos to form unvisible chains of neutrinos which are electromagnetic fields.

There are always some metallic atoms  which are emitted out of electrical devices by collisions of electrons. These released   metall atoms can also bind to the specific positions  of bondings on surfaces.