# Quantum Entanglement and Bell's Theorem

The spooky Explanation for classical ENTANGLEMENT OF PARTICLES

Quantum entanglement is an example where a well-known classical explanation of a daily observed physical phenomenon has been replaced without any need by an irrealistic theory, which is according to Einstein rather “spooky”.

Definition:

Entanglement of particles is the physical phenomenon that particles which result by an interaction (collision) have interdepending properties (entangled properties) .

Classical explanation of entanglement

Entanglement is due to classical scientific principle of conservation of energy and momentum. Particle physicists know that two interacting particles have interdepending properties as energetic properties ( including orientation of spin or polarization)  haveto bein total the same before and after interaction. The technology of laser is based on this classical principle of entanglement. By uncountable centered collisions of RNs a huge number of entangled particles are generated, which all have the same kinetic energy and the same orientation of polarization. This can be explained by CBD-mechanism.  The principle of entanglement is not only valid for all interacting particles but also forinteracting  bodies which is for example well known by collisions of billiard balls.

The characteristics of entangled particles is obvious and not spooky:  When one knows the entagled properties of two interacting particles before interaction and  one measures the property of one entangled particle one gets immediately knowledge of the values of the other particles of the entangled group.  However there is one problem for classical entanglement: Entanglement might change to a new entanglement by a new interaction. It has to be taken care that there are no relevant interactions between generation and measurement of entangled particles.

Overall entanglement of particles can be regarded as determinism according to the scientific principle of cause and effect: Each cause has a specific effect. By this all particles in universe are entangled particles.

Explanation of entanglement by quantum physics

Quantum physicists have a problem because they have to save the hypothesis that particles are wave functions without locality and without defined properties. By this they can’t argue with interdepending well defined properties which are stable from generation till observation. So they created following postulates: instead of entangled particles there is one single wave function, which has no locality. Although all the parts of a wave function have no locality the locations of the entangled wave functions are well known and they can be send from one specific location to another specific location. When one part of a wave function (one entangled particle) is observed at a specific position where a classical particle should be, then the wave function transforms to the particles of the entangled group. At the same time the entangled particles get exactly the values of properties which they should have according to classical physics.

BELL’S THEOREM verifies New Physics/ SURe

After 1930 there was a long lasting debate of the contrary situation between quantum theories like non-locality, superposition and quantum entanglement (irrealism) and classical realism like locality and classical entanglement by scientific principles.

In 1964 John Stewart Bell worked out a mathematical and experimental test which he claimed allowed to differentiate whether entanglement works by irrealistic quantum theories or on reality of scientific principles. The test was based on prediction of properties of entangled particles.

But there were two basic misunderstandings so that it was not realized that the test does not work for measurements of orientations of spin and polarization.

1. As irrealism of quantum physics turns to realism of classical physics by observation (=collapse of wave function) there is  no difference in predicted values of entangled particles. This means in this case Bell's test is not capable to differentiate between quantum theory and classical physics.  So the results of the test of Bell were conform as well to realism as to irrealism.

2. Physicists are well aware that measurements of spin and polarization do not lead to accurate results and in some cases even to results which violate scientific principle of conservation of energy. By this the basic requirement for Bell’s test is not met for measurements of spin and polarization.

New Physics/ SURe:

Orientation of spin and orientation of polarization are properties which are impossible to be measured. For example the claimed measurement of spin is in reality an adjustment of spin by magnetic fields. By this the random spin of particles is converted to parallel or antiparallel spin relative to direction of magnetic field depending on whether the real orientation is nearer to parallel or to antiparallel orientation of magnetic field. By this it is impossible to predict the results of measurements of entangled particles by independent measurements. If the same orientation of magnetic field is used then of course you will get 100 % correctly predicted results of spin measurements although you get no information about the original spin orientation,

For orientation of polarization this is similar, as measurement of orientation of polarization is also no neasurement but an adjustment. Tests of entangled particles should always be done by kinetic energy (=momentum), which is the only property which can be directly and accurately measured.

New Physics/ SURe cannot only explain all results of measurements of entangled particles by classical CBD-mechanism but also the generation of all types of entangled particles. For entangled spin of electrons this is explained in chapter “pair production”. Entangled RNs are generated as follows: when two RNs (photons) collide these do two mutual bondings and form the dimer of a neutrino as transition state, which is called kaon. In the kaon all bondings and vibrations of bondings are aligned to same orientation, because of the endeavor to achieve minimal spin energy. If vibration energy exceeds its maximum the kaon decays again to two RNs. By decay the energies of the broken bondings are equally converted to kinetic energy of the generated decay products. Common orientations of vibrations of bondings are taken over by RNs. Orientation of vibrations are origin of polarization.