First scientific description of light

Generally accepted basic description:

1. Light is electromagnetic energy transfer through matter and vacuum

2. Light can be described by frequencies


Following has been proved by experiments:


3. Light is no energy transfer by electromagnetic waves

Proved by the photoelectric effect (Albert Einstein), Compton effect, interference of single "photons" 

4. Light is no energy transfer by mass

Several proofs that „photons“ have no mass

5. Light is no energy transfer by fundamental particles (photons)!

Proved by polarisation of light and by interference


So in modern physics it is known, which descriptions for light are not valid,

but there is no description of light.

Light can neither be electromagnetic waves nor photons.

Known by classical principles:

6. Energies are properties of matter

7. Total energy is conserved in a closed physical system


 From 1, 6 and 7:

8. Light is  energy transfer by matter, which is present in ordinary matter and vacuum.

From  8, 2 ,3, 4 and 5:

9. The transferred energy is periodic vibration energy of matter and the vibration energy is not quantised

From 4 and 9 (as vibration of matter can only happen by a highly stable, massless multi-particle system)

10. Light is transfer of energy by vibrating muon-neutrinos

Vibration of muon-neutrinos is not possible by a single particle as it is postulated in the standard model. In VTOE the vibration is possible, as the muon-neutrino consists of 2 electrons and 2 positrons.   The vibration energy is continuous and allows to transfer a continuous range of energies.

It can be described by following mechanism:

1. Take over of an energy quantum of an electron of ordinary matter so that one electron of a muon- neutrino is excited to higher orbitals.

2. Parallel to 1 the second electron goes into the low energy center position.

3.  The first excited electron falls back again to lower energy orbitals pushing out the center electron and replaces it.

4. reverse of 3 and so on


This is the scientiffically sound description of light of  neoclassical physics (VTOE).

It is conform to all experiments and observations and conform to the particle theory of neoclassical physics (VCTP).


Internal links: "VTOE overview" , "Particle Physics", "Dark matter"